Date of publishing:

25.6.2022

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21104/CL.2022.2.02

Abstract:

Protests of Fridays for Future Movement occupied squares and streets in cities all over the world in 2019. Thanks to their popularity they successfully got the topic of climate change to the attention of mass media, politics and the public.
This case study is focused on the process of making a movement´s narrative. It is based on qualitative content analysis of inscriptions and pictures on banners which were a part of demonstrations in Brno, Bratislava and Vienna. In the centre of analysis are the past, the present and the future as important motives of narrative. The main question of case study is how demonstrators interpret, reinterpret and make constructions of these time perspectives from their specific social position, and how this interpretation is becoming a part of the narrative of the movement. The second topic of the paper is focused on the influence of narrative about climate change to co-create generation identity.

Keywords

Fridays for Future; banners; narrative; collective memory; future; climate crisis

Article Text

References

Appadurai, Arjun. 2013. The Future as a Cultural Fact: Essays on the Global Condition. New York: Verso.
Assmann, Jan. 2001. Kultura a paměť. Písmo, vzpomínka a politická identita v rozvinutých kulturách starověku. Praha: Prostor.
Assmann, Jan – Czaplicka, John. 1995. Collective Memory and Cultural Identity. New German Critique 65: 125–133. doi.org/10.2307/488538
Beneš, Bohuslav. 1990. Folklór a protofolklór v politické renesanci. Národopisné aktuality 27, 2: 73–79.
Beneš, Bohuslav. 2005. Hesla a nápisy na zdi – folklor, nebo odraz veřejného mínění? In: Profantová, Zuzana (ed.): Malé dejiny veľkých udalostí v Česko(a)Slovensku po roku 1948, 1868, 1989 I. Bratislava: Ústav etnológie SAV – Ústav pamäti národa: 74–81.
Beneš, Bohuslav – Hrníčko, Václav. 1993. Nápisy v ulicích. Brno: Masarykova univerzita.
Blank, Trevor J. 2009. Folklore and the Internet: Vernacular Expression in a Digital World. Logan – Utah: Utah State University Press.
Bochner, Arthur P. – Riggs, Nicholas. 2014. Practicing Narrative Inquiry. In: Leavy, Patricia (ed.): The Oxford Handbook of Qualitative Research. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 195–222.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 2010. Sociální prostor a symbolická moc. In: Mayer, Françoise – Hubinger, Václav – Bazac-Billaud, Laurent (eds.): Cahiers du CEFRES. N°8 Antologie francouzských společenských věd: Antropologie, Sociologie, Historie. [2020-12-02]. Dostupné z: www.cefres.cz/IMG/pdf/bourdieu_1995_socialni_prostor_symbolicka_moc.pdf
Bray, Dennis – Martinez, Grit. 2014. Climate-change Lore and its Implication for Climate Science: Post-science deliberations? Futures 66: 54–69. doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2014.12.003
Bryant, Rebecca – Knight, Daniel M. 2019. The Anthropology of the Future. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Czarniawska, Barbara. 2004. Narratives in Social Science Research. Los Angeles: Sage.
Dundes, Alan. 1966. Here I Sit – A Study of American Latrinalia. Kroeber Anthropological Society Papers 33: 91–105. [2019-09-07]. Dostupné z: digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/anthpubs/ucb/text/kas034-010.pdf
Eriksen, Thomas Hylland. 2020. Doba horúca. Antropológia v horizonte zrýchlených zmien. Banská Bystrica: Literárna bašta.
Eriksen, Thomas Hylland. 2021. Generation Climate Change. Social Anthropology / Anthropologie Sociale 29: 219–221.
Fridays of Future. 2021. List of Countries. [2021-11-30]. Dostupné z: fridaysforfuture.org/what-we-do/strike-statistics/list-of-countries/
Gadiner, Frank – Smith Ochoa, Christopher – Yildiz, Taylan. 2019. Resistance or Thuggery? Political Narrative of Urban Riots. Narrative Culture 6: 88–111. doi.org/10.13110/narrcult.6.1.0088
Hayward, Bronwyn. 2021. Children, Citizenship and Environment: #SchoolStrike Edition. New York: Routledge.
Hlôšková, Hana. 2008. Individuálna a kolektívna historická pamäť
(vybrané folkloristické aspekty). Bratislava: Univerzita Komenského.
Hymes, Dell. 2016. Breakthrough into performance. In: Hymes, Dell: ‘In Vain I Tried to Tell you.’ Essays in Native American Ethnopoetics. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press: 79–141.
Ionesco, Dina – Mokhnacheva, Daria – Gemenne, François. 2017.
The Atlas of Environmental Migration. Oxford – New York:
International Organisation of Migration – Routledge.
IPCC. 2015. Global Warming of 1.5 °C. [2021-11-30]. Dostupné z:
www.ipcc.ch/sr15/
Kiliánová, Gabriela. 1996. Prehľad bádania o sociálnej pamäti a inšpirácie pre etnológiu. Etnologické rozpravy 1: 88–98.
Klímová, Dagmar. 1978. Hlavní metodické zásady studia národního obrození ve slovesné folkloristice. Zpravodaj KSVI 3: 84–103.
Kreiswirth, Martin. 2000. Merely Telling Stories? Narrative and Knowledge in the Human Sciences. Poetic Today 21, 2: 293–318.
Kubišová, Zuzana. 2014. Kolektivní paměť a národní identita. In: Maslowski, Nicolas et. al.: Kolektivní paměť: k teoretickým otázkám. Praha: Karolinum: 82–111.
Lyotard, Jean-François. 1993. O postmodernismu: postmoderno vysvětlované dětem: postmoderní situace. Praha: Filosofický ústav AV ČR.
Maslowski, Nicolas – Šubrt, Jiří . 2014. Politika paměti jako nástroj manipulace a morálky. In: Maslowski, Nicolas et. al.: Kolektivní paměť: k teoretickým otázkám. Praha: Karolinum: 69–81.
Miltner, Kate M. 2018. Memes. In: Burgess, Jean – Marwick, Alice – Poell, Thomas (eds.): The Sage Handbook of Social Media. London: SAGE: 412–428. doi.org/10.4135/9781473984066.n23
Novák, Arnošt. 2017. Tmavozelený svět. Radikálně ekologické aktivity v České republice po roce 1989. Praha: Sociologické nakladatelství SLON.
Pels, Peter. 2015. Modern Times. Seven Steps toward an Anthropology of the Future. Current Anthropology 56: 779–796. doi.org/10.1086/684047
Persoon, Gerard A. – van Est, Diny M. E. 2002. The Study of the Future in Anthropology in Relation to the Sustainability Debate. Focaal 35: 7–28.
Peteet, Julie. 1996. The Writing on the Walls: The Graffiti of the Intifada. Cultural Anthropology 11, 2: 139–159. doi.org/10.1525/can.1996.11.2.02a00010
Petráňová, Lydie. 2009. Kam s nimi? Heslá a nápisy v ulicích z listopadu 1989. Český lid 96: 421–444, V–VII.
Salazar, Juan Francisco – Pink, Sarah – Irving, Andrew – Sjöberg, Johannes. 2017. Anthropologies and Futures. Researching Emerging and Uncertain Worlds. London – New York: Routlage.
Saltzman, Rachelle H. 2012. Lark for the Sake of Their Country: The 1926 General Strike Volunteers in Folklore and Memory. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Santino, Jack. 2009. The Ritualesque: Festival, Politics, and Popular Culture. Western Folklore 68, 1: 9–26.
Shifman, Limor. 2013. Memes in Digital Culture. Cambridge – Massachusetts: MIT Press.
Shifman, Limor – Thelwall, Mike. 2009. Assessing Global Diffusion with Web Memetics: The Spread and Evolution of a P opular Joke. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 60: 2567–2576. doi.org/10.1002/asi.21185
Sirovátka, Oldřich. 1991. Pouliční noviny neboli nápisy na zdi. Národopisná revue 1: 5–8.
Sirovátka, Oldřich. 2002. Dějiny a lidové podání. In: Pospíšilová,
Jana – Hlôšková, Hana (eds.): Folkloristické studie. Brno: Etnologický ústav AV ČR: 91–104.
Thungberg, Greta. 2019. ‘Our house is on fire’: Greta Thunberg, 16, urges leaders to act on climate. The Guardian [online], 25. 1. 2019. [2021-6-15]. Dostupné z: www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/jan/25/our-house-is-on-fire-greta-thunberg16-urges-leaders-to-act-on-climate
United Nation. 2013. Definition of Youth [online]. [2013-01-23]. Dostupné z: www.un.org/esa/socdev/documents/youth/fact-sheets/youth-definition.pdf
Vansina, Jan. 1985. The Oral Tradition as a Hisotry. Madison – London: The University of Wisconsin Press.
Wallman, Sandra. 1992. Introduction: Contemporary Futures. In: Wallmann, Sandra (ed.): Contemporary Futures: Perspectives from Social Anthropology. London: Routledge: 1–20.