The focus of this article is on a three-day urban feast called “vinobranie” (grape harvest), which takes place within the public space of the Town of Pezinok in Western Slovakia. It is an over eighty-year old invention, created by the representatives of the town in collaboration with the local wine-growing association and organised with the support of the state railway company. The grape harvest festival is a mosaic of various elements with symbolic contents, representing an impressive complex wrapped in an offer of a mixed programme and consumption.
The study observes the changing form and structure of the festival from its origins until the present, as well as the dynamics of the range of its functions in the local community.
The author follows an ethnological perspective. She draws from historic archive documents and ethnographic materials. In her analysis, she applies the concept of festival (Waldemar Cudny, Festivalisation of Urban Spaces [...] 2016).
In public discourse, there is a general belief that an urbanized society is not well prepared to meet the societal challenge of an aging population. At first glance, older people do not seem to fit into the dynamic environment of cities, but are automatically associated with the idea of a more tranquil life in the countryside. In the paper, we will therefore focus on the social networks of seniors and their loneliness in the urban environment, paradoxically with a high population density, variation of lifestyles, attitudes, interests. Usually in the city we expect a higher probability of innovative ways of grasping and handling with the practical consequences of absent or diminishing social networks, often resulting in feeling of loneliness, whether in the form of informal ties between neighbors, acquaintances, colleagues or random meetings in busy public spaces. The city has great potential to reduce loneliness in the daily lives of seniors and thus address one of the serious factors reducing their quality of life.
In the research, we were interested in how seniors living in selected Slovak cities reflect their social networks. Where resides the emphasis: is it family or community? The research is based on a mixed method using a questionnaire method implemented on a sample of 1026 seniors living in cities in Slovakia in combination with qualitative in-depth ethnographic interviews with seniors on the topic of their social networks.
Border studies (currently also cross-border cooperation issues) is an interdisciplinary direction of research. The aim of the article is to present the spatial proximity influence of the state border on the everyday life reality of Kysuce the region inhabitants in the 20th Century (with an overlap to the present), both in the local and supra-local context. It focuses on the Slovak state borders with Poland and the Czech Republic in the intentions of the theory of the Irish sociologist Liam O'Dowd as a possible barrier, but also a bridge, a source of opportunities and a symbol of identity. It points out that in the villages bordering the Polish and Czech territories there has always been a more or less intensive mutual cultural transfer and contact of the population, therefore the borders cannot be perceived as an exclusively geopolitical phenomenon; their social and cultural dimension must be taken into account.
The submitted text is an example of an interdisciplinary study that uses the means of ethnology and materials science. This approach is rather exceptional in our circumstances. Specifically, it concerns detailed materials analyses of samples taken from plasters which were acquired during ethnological research on selected recent buildings in southern Moravia. The studied plasters from vernacular buildings in the Znojmo area probably come mostly from the twentieth century. It cannot be, however, excluded that the buildings are older. In addition to traditional and mostly inorganic pigments, the plasters were also coloured using synthetic pigments, which corresponded to their availability on the market. Besides the description of the set of samples, the treatise also demonstrates the potential of natural-scientific methods applied to analyse the plasters and their pigments for ethnology. Currently, these methods are usual in materials engineering and they are used for restoration works.