The study presents research results on migration and integration of Japanese professional dancers into Czech regional ballet ensembles. Using qualitative managed interviews with dancers, it provides insight into the issue of modern labor migration of artists whose career is very short, and the integration process is therefore overlooked. It introduces the reader to the professional background in the source country, which leads to labour migration to the country which gives the professionals status and prestige they would not achieve in Japan.
The study, based on original and unused archive materials, aims to describe and analyze the development of the ethnographic department of the National Museum in years 1918–1938, in the context of contemporary ethnographic science and museology transformations as well as socio-political conditions. A separate ethnographic department of the National Museum was established in 1922, when the museum’s existing ethnographic collection was merged with the treasures of the Czechoslavic Ethnographic Museum. This unification was a manifestation of the centralist tendencies of Czech interwar museum management. Another such tendency – strong political influences on cultural institutions – was represented by an unsuccessful attempt to further unite thus created entity with the collections of the Czechoslovak Agricultural Museum. In context of the entire Museum’s development, some interesting features of the department’s development can also be mentioned: under the leadership of Václav Fabian and Drahomíra Stránská, later one of the key figures of Czech interwar ethnography, the department became a pioneer of short-term exhibitions, and a picture archive was an integral part of the ethnographic collection from the very beginning. Certain scientific projects in the department were important in terms of the development of ethnography (an attempt to establish an open-air folk museum), but they also had a significant political aspect (moving the Greek-Catholic church from the Carpatho-Ruthenian town Medvedovce to the Kinský Garden complex).
This study uses participative research in ethnocartography. The aim of the study is to demonstrate possibilities in using maps in ethnology and anthropology and to introduce the potential of the interdisciplinary cooperation of cartographers and geographers with ethnologists and anthropologists. Besides that, the authors try to provide the influence of maps and visual information on the life of a local community and local education by examples. In their study, the authors show the results of field research which they carried out together in the Nungon community in Papua New Guinea. The authors show that sharing results of the research with participants may generate other research questions and bring new research topics in ethnocartography.
European ethnology as a historical science made a complicated development during the second half of the 20th century. In that process a intensive communication and advancing convergence with social sciences appeared, especially with the sociocultural anthropology. This contribution presents a reflection of methodical differences in ethnological and anthropological research in international and czech discourse aswell, because the european ethnology in Czech republic is fading rapidly from the universities in the present day.