Datum zveřejnění:

8.11.2015

Abstrakt:

This paper focuses on the discourse of the second shift and domestic work in the Czechoslovakia presented by journals of women’s organizations, 1945–1948. After the mobilisation of the workforce in the post-war Czechoslovakia, women started to be encouraged to take up paid jobs. Together with the rising number of women in paid jobs the so called second shift was established. That means that women were burdened with two roles: those of breadwinners and housewives. The help offered by women’s organisations was represented by the delegation of housework on other women. The solution of the lack of the domestic help consisted in qualifi cation and professionalization, thus establishing this job as a regular one. The establishment of the institution with a suitable name “Liberated Household” was perceived as the ideal solution. In our study, we propose the analysis of two journals published by the women’s organizations and the discourse on domestic work presented there. Our aim is to illuminate the exclusive character of the post-war discourse on domestic work in regard to current debate as well as to contextualize the emergence of second shift and its solution in historical, social and political context.

Klíčová slova

second shift; Liberated Household; domestic work; commodifi cation, qualifi cation; collectivization

Text článku