Datum zveřejnění:





As a consequence of economic globalisation, the Western Balkans has been experiencing massive boom in the building of houses. In rural and mountain parts of the former Yugoslavia, in some of the least expected locations, often in areas inhabited by ethnic minorities, many imposing houses have been constructed. These are often larger and more extravagant than their models in western European suburbs and have been built largely on the basis of remittances from migrants in the EU or USA. It is not just “remittance houses” but whole new “remittance landscapes” that have come into being. This article explores the elemental spontaneity of this building boom. Many of the houses concerned have been built without project plans, architects or building permission and the new suburbs are developing without urban planning or infrastructure. I try to show some of the predictable but, above all, unexpected connections and results of the absence of rationalist planning and budgeting.

Klíčová slova

remittance houses, migrace, globalizace, bývalá Jugoslávie, sociální život věcí

Text článku



Alyanak, Oğuz. 2015. The Social Life of Remittance Houses. Scenes from Rural Kayseri. In: Seker, Guven – Tilbe, Ali – Okmen, Mustafa et. al. (eds.): Turkish Migration Conference Selected Proceedings. London: Transnational Press:176–183.
Basu, Paul – Simon Coleman. 2008. Introduction. Migrant Worlds, Material Culture. Mobilities 3, 3: 313 – 330.
Bauman, Zygmunt. 2000. Liquid Modernity. Oxford: Polity Press.
Bauman, Zygmunt. 2011. Liquid Times. Living in an Age of Uncertainty. Oxford: Polity Press.
Belloni, Milena. 2021. Remittance Houses and International Citizenship. Mapping Eritrea’s Diaspora–State Relationship. Africa Spectrum 56, 1: 59 – 80.
Bielenin-Lenczowska, Karolina. 2010. Different Models of Labour Migration in Contemporary Macedonia – or What Does pečalba Mean Today? Ethnologia Balcanica 14: 11–26.
Boccagni, Paolo – Bivand Erdal, Marta. 2021. On the Theoretical Potential of ‘Remittance Houses’. Toward a Research Agenda Across Emigration Contexts. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 47, 5: 1066–1083.
Bougarel, Xavier. 1999. Yugoslav Wars. ‘The Revange of the Countryside’ Between Sociological Reality and Nationalist Myth. East European Quarterly 33, 2: 157–174.
Boussauw, Kobe. 2012. Challenges, Threats and Opportunities in Post-Conflict Urban Development in Kosovo. Habitat International 36, 1: 143–151. doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2011.06.011
Dahinden, Janine. 2013. Albanian-speaking migration, mid-19th century to present. In: Ness, Immanuel (ed.): The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell. doi.org/10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm026
Dalakoglou, Dimitris. 2010. Migrating-remitting-‘building’-dwelling: house making as ‘proxy’ presence in postsocialist Albania. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (N.S.) 16: 761–777.
Gregorič Bon, Nataša. 2017. Movement Matters: The case of southern Albania. Ethnologie francaise 47, 2: 301–308.
Haluzík, Radan. 2020. Venkov v antropocénu. Lokální domy v čase globálních sítí. In: Pokorný, Petr – Storch, David a kol.: Antropocén. Praha: Academia: 476 – 506.
Humphrey, Caroline. 2002. The Villas of the ‘New Russians’. A Sketch of Consumption and Cultural Identity in Post-Soviet Landscapes. In: Humphrey, Caroline: Unmaking of Soviet Life. Everyday Economies After Socialism. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. doi.org/10.7591/9781501725722-017
Kraft, Even. 1992. Evaluating Regional Policy in Yugoslavia, 1966–1990. In: Comparative Economic Studies 34, 3–4: 11–33.
Leutloff-Grandits, Carolin – Pichler, Robert. 2014. Areas Blurred: Albanian Migration and Establishment of Translocal places. In: Promitzer, Christian – Gruber, Siegfried – Heppner, Harald (eds.): Southeast European Studies in a Globalizing World. Munster: LIT.: 173–187.
Lopez, Sarah. 2010. The Remittance House. Architecture of Migration in Rural Mexico. Buildings and Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture 17, 2: 33–52.
Lopez, Sarah. 2015. The Remittance Landscape. Spaces of Migration in Rural Mexico and Urban USA. Chicago – London: The University of Chicago Press.
Markov, Ivaylo. 2015. Conceptualizing the Migratory Shift: From “Gurbet” toward “Family Migration”: The case of the Albanians from Macedonia. In: Hristov, Petko – Kasabova, Anelia – Troeva, Evgenia – Demski, Dagnoslaw (eds.): Conceptualizing Changes: Migration, Shifting Borders and New Identities in Eastern Europe. Sofia: Paradigma: 87–98.
Markov, Ivaylo. 2019. Social Status and prestige in Conditions of Transnational Migration: Ethnographic study among the Albanians from the Republic of Macedonia. Glasnik Ennografskog instituta SANU 65, 3: 617–639. doi.org/10.2298/GEI1803617M
Mata–Codesal, Diana. 2014. From ‘Mud Houses’ to ‘Wasted Houses’. Remittances and Housing in Rural Highland Ecuador. ReMHU – Revista Interdisciplinar da Mobilidade Humana 22, 42: 263 – 280. doi.org/10.1590/S1980-85852014000100016
Ramet, Sabrina. 1996. Nationalism and the ‘Idiocy’ of Countryside. The Case of Serbia. Ethnic and Racial Studies. 19: 70–87. doi.org/10.1080/01419870.1996.9993899
Ruegg, François. 2013. Gypsy Palaces. A New Visibility for the Roma in Romania? Urbanities 3, 1: 3–21.
Simić, Andrei. 1973. The Peasant Urbanities. A Study of Urban-Rural Mobility in Serbia. New York: Seminar Press.
Spangler, Michael. 1983. Urban Research in Yugoslavia. Regional Variation in Urbanization. In: Kenney, Michael – Kertzer, David (eds.): Urban Life in Mediterranean Europe. Anthropological Perspectives. Champaign: University of Illinois Press: 203–224.
Teige, Karel. 1928–9. Mundaneum. Stavba 7: 145–155.
Tesar, Catalina. 2015. Houses Under Construction. Conspicuous Consumption and the Values of Youth Among Romanian Cortorari Gypsies. In: Brazzabeni, Micol – Cunha, Manuela Ivone – Fotta, Martin (eds.): Gypsy Economy. Oxford – New York: Berghahn Books: 181–200.
Van de Port, Mattijs. 1998. Gypsies, Wars and the Other Instances of the Wild. Civiglization and its Discontents in a Serbian Town. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.