Datum zveřejnění:





The condition of civil society and grass-roots activism in post-socialist countries is often perceived as a distorted mirroring of its Western equivalent, with the implication that it is impaired or even flawed. Particularly in places such as the monotowns of the Donbas region of Ukraine, the symptoms of grass-roots activism and signs of thriving civil society rooted in local modes of understandings are often overlooked when only scrutinized through the lens of Western-based concepts and ideas. This article is based on ethnographical research that was conducted in the Donbas monotown of Kramatorsk and its surroundings over a period of several months. It argues that local notions of activism are fueled by hope and a sense of peripherality that shapes the local dynamics of activism and engagement.

Text článku


Albert, Victor. 2016. The Limits to Citizen Power. Participatory Democracy and the Entanglements of the State. London: Pluto Press.
Appadurai, Arjun. 2013. The Future as Cultural Fact: Essays on the Global Condition. London – New York: Verso Books.
Arnason, Johann. 2002. Communism and Modernity. In: Eisenstadt, Shmuel N. (ed.): Multiple Modernities. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers: 61–90.
Aron, Leon. 2009. Russia’s “Monotown” Time Bomb. AEI. American Enterprise Institute [on-line], 19. 10. 2009. Available at: www.aei.org/research-products/report/russias-monotowns-time-bomb/
Artexaga, Begoña. 2003. Maddening States. The Annual Review of Anthropology 32: 393–410. doi.org/10.1146/annurev.anthro.32.061002.093341
Barczak, Monika. 2001. Representation by Consultation? The Rise of Direct Democracy in Latin America. Latin America Politics and Society 43, 3: 37–59.
Beyer, Judith. 2014. “There is this law…”: Performing the State in the Kyrgyz Courts of Elders. In: Reeves, Madeleine et al. (eds.): Ethnographies of the State in Central Asia: Performing Politics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press: 99–122.
Bilan, Yurij – Bilan, Svitlana. 2011. The Formation of Civil Society in Ukraine After the Orange Revolution. Economics & Sociology 4, 1: 78–86.
Buchowski, Michal. 2006. The Specter of Orientalism in Europe: From Exotic Other to Stigmatized Brother. Anthropological Quarterly 79, 3: 463–482. https://10.1353/anq.2006.0032
Cabot, Heath. 2012. The Governance of Things: Documenting Legal Limbo in Greek Asylum Procedure. Political and Legal Anthropology Review 35, 1: 11–29. doi.org/10.1111/j.1555-2934.2012.01177.x
Cameron, Maxwell A. – Hershberg, Eric – Sharpe, Kenneth E. 2012. Voice and Consequence: Direct Participation and Democracy in Latin America. In: Cameron, Maxwell A. – Hershberg, Eric – Sharpe, Kenneth, E. (eds.): New Institutions for Participatory Democracy in Latin America. New York: Palgrave Macmillan: 1–20. doi.org/10.1057/9781137270580
Castells, Manuel. 2003. Galaktyka Internetu. Refleksje nad Internetem, biznesem i społeczeństwem. Poznań: Dom Wydawniczy Rebis.
Coombe, Rosemary J. 1997. Identifying and Engendering the Forms of Emergent Civil Societies: New Directions in Political Anthropology. Political and Legal Anthropology Review 20, 1: 1–12.
Dunn, Elizabeth C. 2008. Postsocialist Spores: Disease, Bodies, and the State in the Republic of Georgia. American Ethnologist 35: 243–258. doi.org/10.1111/j.1548-1425.2008.00032.x
Dunn, Elizabeth C. – Hann, Chris (eds.). 1996. Civil Society: Challenging Western Models. London – New York: Routledge.
Eberhardt, Adam. 2009. Rewolucja, której nie było: bilans pięciolecia “pomarańczowej” Ukrainy. Warszawa: Ośrodek Studiów Wschodnich im. Marka Karpia.
Eisenstadt, Shmuel. 2000. Multiple Modernities. Daedalus 129, 1: 1–29.
Fassin, Didier (ed.). 2015. At the Heart of the State. The Moral World of Institutions. London: Pluto Press.
Ferguson, James – Gupta, Akhil. 2002. Spatializing States: Towards an Ethnography of Neoliberal Governmentality. American Ethnologist 29, 4: 981–1002. doi.org/10.1525/ae.2002.29.4.981
Forbrig, Joerg – Shepherd, Robin (eds.). 2005. Ukraine after the orange revolution: strengthening European and transatlantic commitments. Washington: The German Marshall Fund of the United States.
Fuller, Sylvia – Kershaw, Paul – Pulkingham, Jane. 2008. Constructing “active citizenship”: single mothers, welfare, and the logics of voluntarism. Citizenship Studies 2, 12: 157–176. doi.org/10.1080/13621020801900119
Glasius, Marlies – Lewis, David – Seckinelgin, Hakan (eds.). 2004. Exploring Civil Society. Political and cultural contexts. London and New York: Routledge.
Goldfarb, Jeffrey C. 2006. The politics of small things: The power of the powerless in dark times. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Goldfarb, Jeffrey C. 2008. The Sociology of Micro-politics: An Examination of a Neglected Field of Political Action in the Middle East and Beyond. Sociology Compass 6, 2: 1816–1832.
Hann, Chris. 2015. Backwardness Revisited: Time, Space, and Civilization in Rural Eastern Europe. Comparative Studies in Society and History 57, 4: 881–911. doi.org/10.1017/S0010417515000389
Herzfeld, Michael. 2007. Zażyłość kulturowa. Poetyka społeczna w państwie narodowym. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego.
Hrycak Jarosław – Chruślińska, Iza. 2009. Ukraina. Przewodnik Krytyki Politycznej. Gdańsk –Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Krytyki Politycznej.
Hull, Matthew. 2012. Government of Paper: The Materiality of Bureaucracy in Urban Pakistan. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Humphrey, Caroline. 2002. Does the category of “postsocialist” still make sense? In: Hann, Chris (ed.): Postsocialism. Ideals, Ideologies and Practices in Eurasia. London – New York: Routledge: 12–15.
Isin, Engin F. 2008. Theorizig Acts of Citizenship. In: Isin, Engin F. – Nielsen, Greg M. (eds.): Acts of Citizenship. London: Palgrave Macmillan: 15–43.
Isin, Engin F. 2009. Citizenship in flux: The figure of the activist citizen. Subjectivity 29: 367–388.
Jeganathan, Pradeep. 2004. Checkpoint: Anthropology, Identity, and the State. In: Das, Veena – Poole, Deborah (eds.): Anthropology in the Margins of the State. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press: 67–80.
Kearns, Ade. 1995. Active citizenship and local governance: political and geographical dimensions. Political Geography 2, 14: 155–175. doi.org/10.1016/0962-6298(95)91662-N
Kleist, Nauja – Jansen, Stef. 2016. Introduction: Hope over Time – Crisis, Immobility and Future-Making. History and Anthropology 27, 4: 373–392. doi.org/10.1080/02757206.2016.1207636
Knox, Hannah – Harvey, Penny. 2011. Anticipating Harm: Regulation and Irregularity in a Road Construction Project in the Peruvian Andes. Theory, Culture & Society 28, 6: 142–163. doi.org/10.1177/026327641142088
Kryukova, Elena – Rafikovna Makeeva, Dina. 2013. Analysis of World and Russian Best Practices of Strategic Development of Mono-Towns. World Applied Sciences Journal: 167–171.
Kryukova, Elena – Razumovskiy, Sergey – Vetrova, Ekaterina. 2013. Mono-Town in the System of Economic Notions of the Russian Federation. World Applied Sciences Journal: 162–166.
Kryukova, Elena – Vetrova, Ekaterina – Maloletko, A. N. – Kaurova, O. V. – Dusenko, S. V. 2015. Social-Economic Problems of Russian Mono-Towns. Asian Social Science 11, 1: 258–267. doi.org/10.5539/ass.v11n1p258
Kumar, Krishan. 1997. Społeczeństwo obywatelskie: Rozważania na temat użyteczności historycznego terminu. In: Szacki, Jerzy (ed.): Ani książę, ani kupiec: obywatel. Idea społeczeństwa obywatelskiego w myśli współczesnej. Kraków: Znak
Laufer, Paweł (ed.). 2012. Raport o stanie kultury i NGO w Ukrainie. Lublin: Wydawnictwo Episteme.
Ledeneva, Alena V. 1998. Russia’s Economy of Favours: Blat, Networking and Informal Exchange. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ledeneva, Alena V. 2006. How Russia Really Works: The Informal Practices That Shaped Post-Soviet Politics and Business. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Lefebvre, Henri. 1991. The production of space. Oxford – Cambridge: Blackwell.
Mathur, Nayanika. 2012. Effecting Development: Bureaucratic Knowledges, Cynicism and the Desire for Development in the Indian Himalaya. In: Venkatesan, Soumhya. – Yarrow, Thomas. (eds.): Differentiating Development: Beyond an Anthropology of Critique. London: Berghahn: 193–209.
Marinetto, Michael. 2003. Who wants to be an active citizen? The politics and practice of community involvement. Sociology 37, 1: 103-120. doi.org/10.1177/0038038503037001390.
Montoya, Ainhoa. 2015. The Turn of the Offended Clientelism in the Wake of El Salvador’s 2009 Elections. Social Analysis 59, 4: 101–118. doi.org/10.3167/sa.2015.590407
Morris, Jeremy. 2015. Notes on the “Worthless Dowry” of Soviet Industrial Modernity: Making Working-Class Russia Habitable. Laboratorium 7, 3: 25-48.
Nuijten, Monique. 2003. Power, Community and the State: The Political Anthropology of Organisation in Mexico. London: Pluto Press.
O’Neill, Bruce. 2012. Of Camps, Gulags and Extraordinary Renditions: Infrastructural Violence in Romania. Ethnography 13, 4: 466–486.
Ortner, Sherry B. 2006. Anthropology and Social Theory: Culture, Power and the Acting Subject. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. doi.org/10.1215/9780822388456
Pit, V. 2011. Towns Without the Future: Mono-profile Towns Post-Soviet Area: Russian North as Example. Journal of US-China Public Administration 8, 9: 1067–1073.
Pospieszna, Paulina. 2014. Democracy Assistance From the Third Wave: Polish Engagement in Belarus and Ukraine. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Reeves, Madeleine. 2014. Border Work: Spatial Lives of the State in Rural Central Asia. Ithaca – New York: Cornell University Press.
Riabchuk, Mykola – Lushnycky, Andriej N. 2009. Ukraine on its Meandering Path Between East and West. Bern: Peter Lang.
Satybaldina, Elena. 2013. Specific Character of Life of Modern Urals Monotown. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 17, 7: 982–985. doi.org/10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2013.17.07.12144
Scott, James C. 1990. Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Shils, Edward. 1991. The Virtue of Civil Society. Government and Opposition 26, 1: 3–20.
Shils, Eward. 1994. Co to jest społeczeństwo obywatelskie? In: Michalski, K. (ed.): Europa i społeczeństwo obywatelskie. Kraków.
Sklokina, Iryna – Kulikov, Volodymyr. 2018. Labor, Exhaustion, and Success: Company Towns of the Donbas. Lviv: Center for Urban History.
Sliwinski, Alicia. 2016. The Value of Promising Spaces: Hope and Everyday Utopia in a Salvadoran Town. History and Anthropology 27, 4: 430–46. doi.org/10.1080/02757206.2016.1207638
Sluka, Jeffrey (ed.) 2000. Death Squad: The Anthropology of State Terror. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Studenna-Skrukwa, Marta. 2014. Ukraiński Donbas. Oblicza tożsamości regionalnej. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje.
Tonkiss, Fran. 2005. Space, the City and Social Theory. Cambridge: Polity.
Touraine, Alain. 1995. Critique of Modernity. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Touraine, Alain. 2010. The Importance of Social Movements. Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social, Cultural and Political Protest 1: 1, 89–95. doi.org/10.1080/14742830120118918
Verdery, Kahterine. 2002. Whither postsocialism? In: Hann, Chris (ed.): Postsocialism. Ideals, Ideologies and Practices in Eurasia. London – New York: Routledge: 15–29.
Vetrova, Ekaterina – Atamanova, Marija A. – Kulakova, Tatiana V. 2014. The replacement strategy for monotowns in Russia: From industry branches towards tourism on the example of Baikalsk. Life Science Journal 11, 12s: 929–1033.
Wilson, Andrew. 2005. Ukraine's Orange Revolution. New Haven, London: Yale University Press.
Wolff, Larry. 1994. Inventing Eastern Europe. The Map of Civilization on the Mind of the Enlightenment. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Zaleski, Pawel. 2008. Tocqueville on Civilian Society: A Romantic Vision of the Dichotomic Structure of Social Reality. Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte 50: 260–266.
Zizek, Slavoj. 1997. The Plague of Fantasies. London: Vers