Datum zveřejnění:



The study focuses on the attitude of concrete Romani groups to work. It refutes the common stereotype that the Romani detest work, that they have been living in the past at the expense of the majoritarian society, gained their living by bagging and other illegal means. In historical overview the author follows up the traditional Romani occupations and their decline under the impact of the industrialization. She accentuates the time of the communist regime that made use of the Romani especially in manual professions. Their work performance was commonly considered to be satisfactory, the communists aimed, within the frame of the general assimilation politics, to educate them to be enthusiastic builders of socialism. The wages that motivated for manual work did not instigate the Romani parents, clinging to the tradition of domestic education, to achieve higher qualifi cation for their children. In the fi nal part of the development of the communist regime part of the Romani embraced the habits of the consumer society, but the professional structure of the Romani did not respond to the demands of the times. However, at work they were mostly accepted by their fellow worker according to their human qualities and work performance, the xenophobic opinions were minoritarian. They increased only after the year 1989, among other things due to the sharp increase in unemployment and isolation of the Romani from the majoritarian society.

Klíčová slova

Roma; stereotypes; historical documents; traditional crafts; communist regimme; manual labor

Text článku