Datum zveřejnění:

15.12.2023

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21104/CL.2023.4.04

Abstrakt:

Středověké a raně novověké popisy etnicity a etnické genealogie čerpaly ze starozákonních, antických a severských zdrojů. Vzhledem k povaze genealogických spekulací jako vyprávění, která kombinovala racionalistický přístup s odkazem na určitou náboženskou či mytologickou tradici a politické či vlastenecké aspirace, je lze považovat za příklady politického mýtu ve smyslu Hanse Blumenberga a permanentní reinterpretaci jejich narativního jádra lze chápat jako „práci na mýtu“. Tvůrčí úsilí autorů genealogických spekulací, zdůrazňujících roli a zásluhy imaginárních Trojanů, Gótů, Sarmatů, Franků, Germánů, Hyperborejců či Keltů, lze přirovnat k procesu kulturní hybridizace. Hypotetičtí Árijci, kteří vznikli interakcí britské koloniální správy a hinduistické tradice, lépe vyhovovali potřebám moderní doby než Skythové, jejichž zásadní rasový přínos pro vznik západní civilizace obhajoval John Pinkerton. Zrodil se tak palingenetický árijský politický mýtus.

Klíčová slova

Politický mýtus; kulturní hybridita; Skythové; Árijci; Hans Blumenberg; John Pinkerton; William Jones

Text článku

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