The case study presents the analysis of Slávo markrabství (Oh, Glory of Margraviate), a folk spiritual song celebrating St. Cyril and Methodius, the patron saints of Moravia. The song was recorded in 1906 according to oral interpretation in the village of Vnorovy in Moravia. The author investigates the relationship between function, history, and music in the document. Based on historical retrospective principle, she uses the method of a monograph on a single song. She devotes herself to the relationship between the oral tradition on one side and the hand-written and printed hymn-books on the other. While the text of the song originates in a Baroque hymn-book, the melody is a contrafactum of an older penitent song Z hlubokosti mé těžkosti volám k tobě, Pane (From the Deepness of my Hardness I pray to You, Lord) and it has developed separately in oral tradition. The study documents the history of this melody and its variants in Catholic and non-Catholic folk singing within the period of more than 300 years (1948–1608). This tune became a bearer of a tradition of Lenten, funeral and pilgrimage songs. The research displays the roles of oral tradition and cultural region for the development of spiritual singing. From the conceptual point of view, it presents the opportunity for cooperation of ethnology, ethno-musicology and hymnology in the research of the song as a typical phenomenon of Czech folk spiritual music.
St. Cyril and Methodius; Czech folk spiritual song; oral tradition; hymn-book; printed sheets with broadside ballads; contrafactum; Baroque and reception of songs; ethno-musicology; Vnorovy