The paper investigates the factory in the context of a multinational corporation. The historical-structural background for capturing the changes in the factory is both post-socialism and the conditions of neoliberalism. Drawing on conceptualizations from critical sociology, critical approaches to neoliberalism, and new working-class studies, the author focuses on how the structural transformation of socioeconomic conditions translates into the work in the factory and what implications this has for how workers and managers experience work and their own identities. Based on ethnographic research at the Baťa shoe factory, I identify a culture of precarious responsibility, which I characterize through four dimensions: management’s disengagement from responsibility, workers’ assumption of responsibility, the imposition of economization.
Protests by the Fridays for Future movement occupied squares and streets of countries all over the world in 2019. Thanks to their popularity, they successfully brought the topic of climate change to the attention of the mass media, politics and the public.
This case study is focused on the process of creating the movement’s narrative. It is based on a qualitative content analysis of inscriptions and pictures on banners that were part of the demonstrations in Brno, Bratislava and Vienna. At the centre of analysis are the past, the present and the future as important motifs of the narrative. The main question of the case study is how the demonstrators interpret, reinterpret and make constructions of these time perspectives from their specific social position, and how this interpretation is becoming a part of the narrative of the movement. The second focus of the paper is on the influence of the narrative on climate change in co-creating generation identity.
The study analyzes how the content of prayer books changes in relation to aspects such as the title and form of the book, and the gender of the target reader. The study works with the prayer book Rajská růže [Paradise Rose] and examines three different title variants (Ljbezně kwětaucý Ragská Růže, Duchownj Ragská Růže, Libokwětaucý Ragská Růže). The examined corpus includes both printed and handwritten prayer books. In addition to the title and the form of the book (i.e., printed vs. handwritten), the gender of the intended reader is taken into consideration (i.e., whether it was intended for men, women, both sexes or unspecified). A content analysis and comparison of different variants of the examined prayer books allows us to observe significant changes. Although the prayer book Rajská růže may initially seem as if it is multiple editions of a single work, in reality, the content varies considerably in the specific versions of the book, largely determined by the form of the book.
The study deals with the San Juan farmstead near the town of La Unión in southern Chile. It was owned by R. A. Philippi, who was among the first generation of German colonists to settle in the southern territories of Chile. The management of the farmstead’s affairs was entrusted to custodians, and Julius Böhlendorf, the husband of Philippi’s daughter Ella, held this position from the 1870s. The Böhlendorfs lived on the estate for almost thirty years and managed its everyday operations. This study focuses on the period between the 1860s and the 1880s and the text is based on a thorough study and interpretation of archive records, particularly the diaries and letters of members of the Philippi and Böhlendorf families (stored in the Dirección Museológica de la Universidad Austral de Chile archive in Valdivia). The main aim of the work is to present and give a sense of the functioning of the farmstead and to show its structure and the kinds of work done there.